Born on 15 October 1931 in Rameswaram in Tamil Nadu, Dr. Avul Pakir Jainulabdeen Abdul Kalam graduated with a degree in Science from St Joseph’s College, Trichy in 1954 and did Aeronautical Engineering at Madras Institute of Technology (MIT) in 1957. Dr. Kalam is a pioneer in fiberglass technology and has led a small team to launch this initiative in ISRO from construction, a development that has led to the production of computerized rocket compounds. Dr. Kalam has made significant contributions as Project Director to develop India’s first indigenous Satellite Launch Vehicle (SLV-3) which successfully injected the Rohini satellite into a nearby earth cycle in July 1980 and made India a special member of the Space Club.
He was responsible for the emergence of the ISRO car launch program, particularly the suspension of the PSLV. After serving for two decades at ISRO and having the expertise to introduce automotive technology, Dr. Kalam has taken on the responsibility of developing Indigenous Arms Directed at the Defense Research and Development Organization as Chief Executive of Integrated Guided Missile Development Program (IGMDP). He was responsible for the development and operation of AGNI and PRITHVI arrows and for building traditional strengths in critical technology through multi-institutional communication. One of his most important contributions was the creation of the Imarat Research Center for advanced technology. He was a Scientific Adviser to the Minister of Defense and Secretary, Department of Defense and Development from July 1992 to December 1999. During this time he led the use of nuclear weapons and the Pokhran-II nuclear test in collaboration with the Atomic Energy Department, making India a nuclear weapons state. He also emphasized self-reliance in self-defense programs through the development of many development projects and objective projects such as Light Combat Aircraft.
As Chairman of the Technology Information, Forecasting and Assessment Council (TIFAC), and as a renowned scientist, he led the country with the help of 500 experts to come to Technology Vision 2020 which provides a roadmap to transform India from the current state to a developed nation. Dr. Kalam has served as the Chief Scientific Adviser to the Government of India, in his capacity as Cabinet Minister, from November 1999 to November 2001 and has been responsible for changing policies, strategies, and submission of numerous development applications. Dr. Kalam was also the Chairperson, Ex-officio, of the Cabinet Scientific Advisory Committee (SAC-C), and reviewed the India Millennium Mission 2020.
In the field of bio-medical, Dr. Kalam and his team worked with medical professionals in the construction of the Kalam-Raju stent between 1994 – 1996. The Kalam-Raju stent of the heart after graduation tests has been installed in many needy patients. This development has led to the creation of a production unit for the latest stents. Also, he had started the use of carbon-carbon and carbon-polymer materials in the production of floor reaction orthosis calipers which reduced the weight of the cart to 1 / 10th of the original weight between 1995 and 1996. More than 50,000 children have been armed with these weapons.
Dr. Kalam has taken his courses as Professor, Technology & Societal Transformation at Anna University, Chennai since November 2001, and has been involved in teaching and research activities. Above all, he has taken the aim of burning the minds of the young national development by meeting with school students across the country. For the past ten years, Drs. Kalam spoke to more than five million young people under the age of 17 and encouraged them to take an active part in India Vision 2020. He has spoken to many children of science conferences across the country.
Dr. Kalam aspires to bring about rural prosperity through PURA (Providing Urban Amenities to Rural Areas), where science and technology should play a key role. Based on his diverse experience he has been spreading the concept of a World Knowledge Platform where the best skills of organizations and nations can be integrated to develop and create solutions and products for 21st-century challenges.
In his follow-up, Dr. Kalam wrote several books, such as “Wings of Fire”, “India 2020 – A Vision for the New Millennium”, “My Journey” and “Ignited Minds – Unleashing the power within India”, “The Invincible Spirit”, ” Guiding Souls “,” Thinking of a Powerful Nation “,” Encouraging Thoughts “,” Children Ask Kalam “,” Born to Blossom “,” Family and Nation “,” Tree of Life “and” The Luminous “Spreads” a collection of his poems. Many of them have become the names of cities in India and among the people of India abroad. These publications have been translated into many Indian and foreign languages.
Dr. Kalam is one of the most respected scientists in India with the unique honor of receiving accredited doctoral degrees from 48 Universities and institutions from India and abroad. Honorary Doctorates include Nyenrode Business University, Netherlands; Nanyang Technological University, Singapore; Carnegie Mellon University, Pittsburg USA; University of Wolverhampton, UK; University of Kentucky, USA; Oakland University, Michigan USA; University of Waterloo, Canada; University Sans Malaysia, Malaysia University of Sydney, Australia and Simon Fraser University, Vancouver.
He has been awarded the most prestigious awards – Padma Bhushan (1981) and Padma Vibhushan (1990) and the highest public award Bharat Ratna (1997). He is the recipient of several other awards and is a Man of many professional institutions.
The Royal Society, UK awarded Dr. Kalam the King Charles-II Award for Science and Technology in October 2007. He received the Woodrow Wilson Award in 2008. The Royal Academy of Engineering, London awarded Medal International in 2008 in June. 2009 in London. The Hoover Board of Awards has been launched. The Hoover Board Awards presented him the Hoover Medal 2008 at New York in April 2009. The Aerospace Historical Society in collaboration with the Graduate Aerospace Laboratories (GALCIT) at the California Institute of Technology awarded him the 2009 International Von Karman Wings Award in September 2009.
Dr. Kalam became the 11th President of India on 25th July 2002. After five eventful years, he demitted office on 25th July 2007. His focus is on transforming India into a developed nation by 2020. His accent is on constructive networking and excellent human resources for an economically developed, prosperous, and peaceful society.
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